POSITIVISM AND INTRAPRENEURSHIP: AUSTRIAN ANALYSIS AND ALTERNATIVE
Abstract: Positivism has been a major trend in Social Sciences, impacting intrapreneurship, a creative and disruptive activity that does not fit positivist modeling and planning. The present article tries to understand how Positivism affected intrapreneurship and presents an alternative based on the Austrian theory, using the three-part explanation methodology proposed by Hayek and later improved by Huerta de Soto. Intrapreneurship, conceptualized as innovation inside existing organizations, was affected by positivist quantitative objectivism, static dynamic, and social management. On the other hand, the Austrian theory, based on subjectivism and entrepreneurial alertness and judgment, gives a better theoretical approach to the subject – making possible its unchainment into the necessary corporate skills to develop an intrapreneurial environment: adaptability; decentralization of structures; strategic seen like a process and organizational culture seen as a result of social interactions inside the organization.
Keywords: Intrapreneurship; entrepreneurship; management.
JEL Classification: B53; M1; O31; O32.
Antoncic, B.; Hisrich, R. D. (2003): “Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept”, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, vol. 10, no 1., pp. 7-24.
Branda, D. C.; Rosa, F. R. (2015): “As três abordagens necessárias para o estudo das ciências sociais”, Mises: Revista Interdisciplinar de Filosofia, Direito e Economia, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 339-344.
Bylund, P. (2016): The problem of production – a new theory of the firm. London and New York, Routledge.
Casson, M. (2005): “Entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol. 58, pp. 327-348.
Dulbecco, P.; Garrouste, P. (1999): “Towards an Austrian Theory of the Firm”, Review of Austrian Economics, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 43-64.
Espinosa, V.; Wang, W.; Zhu, H. (2021): “Israel Kirzner on Dynamic Efficiency and Economic Development”, Procesos de Mercado, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 283-310.
Foss, N. J.; Klein, P.G. (2017): “Entrepreneurial Discovery or Creation? In search of the Middle Ground”, Academy of Management Review, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 733-736.
Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai J.; Klein, Peter G.; Klein, Sandra K. (2007): “The Entrepreneurial Organizational of Heterogenous Capital”, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 44, no. 7, pp. 1165-1186.
Foss, K.; Foss, N. J.; Klein, P. G. (2006): “Original and Derived Judgment: An entrepreneurial theory of economic organization”, SSRN Electronic Journal.
Foss, N. J.; Klein, P. G.; McCaffrey, M. (2019): Austrian Perspectives on Entrepreneurship, Strategy and Organization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hayek, F. (1955): The Counter Revolution of Science. The University of Free Press.
(1993): Law, Legislation and Liberty. London: Routledge.
Hamel, G. (2000): Leading the Revolution. New York: Plume.Hisrich, R. D. (1990): “Entrepreneurship/Intrapreneurship”, American Psychologist, v. 45, no. 2, pp. 209-222.Huerta de Soto, J. (1982): “Método y crisis en la ciencia económica”, Hacienda Pública Española, vol. 74.
(2004): Estudios de Economía Política. Madrid, Unión Editorial.
(2009): The theory of dynamic efficiency, Routledge.
(2010): Socialism, economic calculation and entrepreneurship. Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar.
Ioannides, S. (1999): “Towards an Austrian perspective on the Firm”, Review of Austrian Economics, vol. 11, pp. 77-97.Kirzner, I. (1997): How Market Works. Indiana: Liberty Fund.
(2009): “The alert and creative entrepreneur: a clarification”, Small Business Economics, vol. 32, pp. 145-152.
Klein, P. G. (2008): “Opportunity Discovery, Entrepreneurial Action and Economic Organization”, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 175-190.Martínez Meseguer, C. (2009): La Teoría Evolutiva de las Instituciones – La perspectiva austríaca. Madrid: Unión Editorial, 2.ª Ed.
Mintzberg, H. (1994): The rise and fall of strategic planning. New York, USA: The Free Press.Mises, L. (1998): Human Action – Scholar’s Edition. Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Ostroff, F. (1999): The horizontal organization – What the Organization of the Futures Looks like and how it delivers value to customers. Oxford University Press.
Pinchot, G.; Pellman, R. (1999): Intrapreneuring in Action – A Handbook for Business Innovation. San Francisco, USA: Berrett-Koehler Pulishers, Inc.
Ravier, L. (2020): “A redefinition of the entrepreneurial function concept”, Procesos de Mercado, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 295-311.
Shane, S.; Venkataraman, S. (2000): “The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research”, Academy of Management Review, vo. 25, no. 1, pp. 217-216.