Ethics and Disclosures

The journal is committed to maintaining the highest integrity in published content.

Authors must ensure that they have written a completely original work and, if authors have used the work and/or words of others, they must have appropriately cited them. Otherwise, the work will be rejected by the editor of the journal.

All authors must disclose any relationship or interest that may inappropriately influence or bias their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include, but are not limited to, financial (such as membership, employment, consulting, stock/stock ownership, fees, grants or other funds, paid expert testimony, and patent license agreements) and non-financial interests (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, personal beliefs).

The corresponding author must include a summary statement in the manuscript in a separate "Conflicts of Interest" section just before the reference list. The statement must reflect all disclosures of potential conflicts of interest collected on the form.

See below for examples of disclosures:

Conflicts of interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received lecture fees from Company X and owns shares in Company Y. Author C has participated as a consultant and expert witness at Company Z. The author D is the inventor of patent x

If there are no conflicts, the authors must indicate:

Conflicts of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

The journal follows the essential practices of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and adheres to its principles on dealing with acts of misconduct, thus committing to investigate allegations of misconduct to ensure the investigation's integrity. (

The content published in this journal is peer-reviewed (double-blind).